Cinematic history has been marked by several instances of an actor and director working together on multiple projects, sometimes spanning decades. This was more common in the Golden Age of Hollywood, when the “dream factories” were churning out film after film. Perhaps most emblematic of this trend are the 21 John Ford films over a 35-year period in which he directed John Wayne.
Certainly, Martin Scorsese is a throwback of sorts to these earlier times. He has directed Robert De Niro in eight motion pictures, including his Oscar-winning turn in “Raging Bull” and his iconic performance as Travis Bickle in “Taxi Driver.” However, in recent years, Scorsese has turned to Leonardo DiCaprio as his favorite leading man. DiCaprio has appeared in four films directed by Scorsese, including his latest effort, “Shutter Island.”
Set in 1954, the film is based on the bestselling novel by Dennis Lehane. “Shutter Island” is the name of a federal mental institution for the criminally insane. Despite being virtually escape-proof due to its isolated location on a Massachusetts island surrounded by icy waters and strong currents, an inmate has escaped, prompting the arrival of federal marshals. The two marshals, Teddy Daniels (DiCaprio) and Chuck Aule (Mark Ruffalo), are immediately relieved of their weapons, and their access to the high-security facility is severely restricted by the institution’s head psychiatrist, Dr. Cawley (Ben Kingsley), and the deputy warden (John Carroll Lynch).